Comparison of diurnal blood pressure and urine production between people with and without chronic spinal cord injury

AuthorsGoh, M.Y.
Millard, M.S.
Wong, E.C.K.
Berlowitz, D.J.
Graco, M.
Schembri, R.
Brown, D.J.
Frauman, A.G.
O'Callaghan, C.J.
TypeJournal Article (Original Research)
JournalSpinal Cord
PubMed ID29500404
Year of Publication2018
Download s41393-018-0081-3.pdf (753.6 KB)
AbstractSTUDY DESIGN: Observational study. OBJECTIVES: To quantify diurnal blood pressure (BP) patterns and nocturnal hypertension and to measure diurnal urine production in people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI), compared with controls without SCI. SETTING: Chronic SCI population in the community in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Participants were recruited by advertisement, and sustained SCI at least a year prior or were healthy able-bodied volunteers. Participants underwent ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), measurement of urine production, and completed questionnaires regarding orthostatic symptoms. Comparisons were made between participants with tetraplegia or paraplegia and able-bodied controls. Participants with night:day systolic BP < 90% were classified as dippers, 90-100% as nondippers, and >100% as reverse dippers. RESULTS: Groups with tetraplegia (n = 51) and paraplegia (n = 33) were older (42.1 +/- 15 and 41.1 +/- 15 vs. 32.4 +/- 13 years, mean +/- s.d.) and had a higher prevalence of males (88 and 85% vs. 60%) than controls (n = 52). The average BP was 110.8 +/- 1.5/64.4 +/- 1.2 mmHg, 119.4 +/- 2.1/69.8 +/- 1.5 mmHg, and 118.1 +/- 1.4/69.8 +/- 1.0 mmHg in tetraplegia, paraplegia, and controls, respectively. Of participants with tetraplegia, paraplegia and controls, reverse dipping was observed in 45, 13, and 2% (p < 0.001), while nocturnal hypertension was observed in 13, 23, and 18%, respectively (p = 0.48). A reduction in nocturnal urine flow rate compared with the day was observed in paraplegia and controls, but not tetraplegia. CONCLUSIONS: Similar to the effects of acute SCI, chronic SCI, specifically tetraplegia, also causes isolated nocturnal hypertension, reverse dipping, orthostatic intolerance, and nocturnal polyuria. Cardiovascular risk management and assessment of orthostatic symptoms should include ABPM.

< More publications


Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a chronic lung condition that causes stiff lungs and restricts sufferers from taking a deep breath. Exercise in a gym, such as walking or riding a bike, can help make...


Each year in Australia 260 people sustain a SCI, with over half losing full function in their arms and legs (quadriplegia). In addition to the primary disability, there is a very high rate of Obstructive...

Notch monitoring in sleepNOTCH MONITORING IN SLEEP

Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing is abnormal during sleep. There are two main forms of sleep apnea: obstructive and central. For obstructive sleep apnea, breathing is reduced because the airway...

Do you have Spinal cord injury? Tired?  Get treated!DO YOU HAVE SPINAL CORD INJURY? TIRED? GET TREATED!

Melbourne researchers have found that 80 percent of people with quadriplegic spinal injuries have sleep apnoea. It's having a big effect on their lives but they don't know they have it, and they don't know it can be treated.

World 1st heavy vehicle driver fatigue study releasedWORLD 1ST HEAVY VEHICLE DRIVER FATIGUE STUDY RELEASED

The National Transport Commission (NTC) and the Cooperative Research Centre for Alertness, Safety and Productivity (Alertness CRC) have released the results of what is hailed as a world-first study into heavy vehicle driver fatigue.

AAMRI Election Statement released on 25th March 2019AAMRI ELECTION STATEMENT RELEASED ON 25TH MARCH 2019

AAMRI released its election statement calling on politicians to commit to three main priorities: ensuring the MRFF reaches $20 billion by 2020-21, provide continued strong support for the NHMRC, and develop sustainable and rewarding career pathways.

Portrait unveiled at Canberra's Parliament HousePORTRAIT UNVEILED AT CANBERRA'S PARLIAMENT HOUSE

IBAS Director Anna Burke had barely got into the swing of her speech at the unveiling of her portrait at Canberra's Parliament House when the ringing of bells caused half her audience to hurry away.

Institute for Breathing and Sleep

Level 5, Harold Stokes Building, Austin Hospital
145 Studley Road
Heidelberg, Victoria, 3084

(03) 9496 5390

Email Us