Pulmonary Rehabilitation With Balance Training for Fall Reduction in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

AuthorsBeauchamp, M.K.
Brooks, D.
Ellerton, C.
Lee, A. L.
Alison, J.
Camp, P.G.
Dechman, G.
Haines, K.
Harrison, S.L.
Holland, A.E.
Marques, A.
Moineddin, R.
Skinner, E.H.
Spencer, L.
Stickland, M.K.
Xie, F.
Goldstein, R.S.
TypeProtocol
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
PubMed ID29158206
Year of Publication2017
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29158206
DOI/10.2196/resprot.8178.
Download Pulmonary_Rehabilitation_With_Balance_Training_for_Fall_Reduction_in_Chronic_Obstructive_Pulmonary_Disease__Protocol_for_a_Randomized_Controlled_Trial.pdf (121.8 KB)
AbstractBACKGROUND:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A growing body of evidence shows that individuals with COPD have important deficits in balance control that may be associated with an increased risk of falls. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a key therapeutic intervention for individuals with COPD; however, current international guidelines do not include balance training and fall prevention strategies.
OBJECTIVE:

The primary aim of this trial is to determine the effects of PR with balance training compared to PR with no balance training on the 12-month rate of falls in individuals with COPD. Secondary aims are to determine the effects of the intervention on balance, balance confidence, and functional lower body strength, and to estimate the cost-effectiveness of the program.
METHODS:

A total of 400 individuals from nine PR centers across Canada, Europe, and Australia will be recruited to participate in a randomized controlled trial. Individuals with COPD who have a self-reported decline in balance, a fall in the last 2 years, or recent near fall will be randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. The intervention group will undergo tailored balance training in addition to PR and will receive a personalized home-based balance program. The control group will receive usual PR and a home program that does not include balance training. All participants will receive monthly phone calls to provide support and collect health care utilization and loss of productivity data. Both groups will receive home visits at 3, 6, and 9 months to ensure proper technique and progression of home exercise programs. The primary outcome will be incidence of falls at 12-month follow-up. Falls will be measured using a standardized definition and recorded using monthly self-report fall diary calendars. Participants will be asked to record falls and time spent performing their home exercise program on the fall diary calendars. Completed calendars will be returned to the research centers in prepaid envelopes each month. Secondary measures collected by a blinded assessor at baseline (pre-PR), post-PR, and 12-month follow-up will include clinical measures of balance, balance confidence, functional lower body strength, and health status. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention group compared with the control group will be evaluated using the incremental cost per number of falls averted and the incremental cost per quality-adjusted life years gained.
RESULTS:

Recruitment for the study began in January 2017 and is anticipated to be complete by December 2019. Results are expected to be available in 2020.
CONCLUSIONS:

Findings from this study will improve our understanding of the effectiveness and resource uses of tailored balance training for reducing falls in individuals with COPD. If effective, the intervention represents an opportunity to inform international guidelines and health policy for PR in individuals with COPD who are at risk of falling.
TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02995681; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02995681 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6ukhxgAsg).

http://www.ibas.org.au/what-we-do/publications/3872940


< More publications



SHiQ - COSAQSHIQ - COSAQ

Each year in Australia 260 people sustain a SCI, with over half losing full function in their arms and legs (quadriplegia). In addition to the primary disability, there is a very high rate of Obstructive...

Notch monitoring in sleepNOTCH MONITORING IN SLEEP

Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing is abnormal during sleep. There are two main forms of sleep apnea: obstructive and central. For obstructive sleep apnea, breathing is reduced because the airway...

NTC releases 'world first' heavy vehicle driver fatigue studyNTC RELEASES 'WORLD FIRST' HEAVY VEHICLE DRIVER FATIGUE STUDY

The National Transport Commission (NTC) and the Cooperative Research Centre for Alertness, Safety and Productivity (Alertness CRC) have released the results of what is hailed as a world-first study into heavy vehicle driver fatigue.

AAMRI Election Statement released on 25th March 2019AAMRI ELECTION STATEMENT RELEASED ON 25TH MARCH 2019

AAMRI released its election statement calling on politicians to commit to three main priorities: ensuring the MRFF reaches $20 billion by 2020-21, provide continued strong support for the NHMRC, and develop sustainable and rewarding career pathways.

IBAS Director Anna Burke unveils her portrait at Canberra's Parliament HouseIBAS DIRECTOR ANNA BURKE UNVEILS HER PORTRAIT AT CANBERRA'S PARLIAMENT HOUSE

Anna Burke had barely got into the swing of her speech at the unveiling of her portrait at Canberra's Parliament House when the ringing of bells caused half her audience to hurry away

National study offers hope for breathlessnessNATIONAL STUDY OFFERS HOPE FOR BREATHLESSNESS

A national medication study is aiming to help thousands of Australians who struggle every day with shortness of breath

Institute for Breathing and Sleep

Level 5, Harold Stokes Building, Austin Hospital
145 Studley Road
Heidelberg, Victoria, 3084

(03) 9496 5390

Email Us

Donate