The direction of the relationship between symptoms of insomnia and psychiatric disorders in adolescents

AuthorsAlvaro, PK.
Roberts, RM.
Harris JK.
Bruni, O.
TypeJournal Article (Original Research)
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Year of Publication2017
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27723540
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.08.032
AbstractBACKGROUND:
This study assessed the direction of the relationship between symptoms of insomnia disorder, depression, various anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in adolescents after controlling for age, gender, chronotype, and outcome variable at baseline.
METHODS:
Data was collected in eight high schools in Adelaide, South Australia, at two time-points approximately 6 months apart. The study was completed by 318 and 255 high school students at baseline and follow-up, respectively, aged 12-18 (M=14.96, SD=1.34) in grades 7-11 at baseline. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to assess each relationship, the first model controlling for age, gender and chronotype, and the second controlling for outcome variable at baseline.
RESULTS:
Insomnia symptoms predicted and were predicted by symptoms of each psychiatric disorder in model 1. In model 2, insomnia symptoms predicted symptoms of depression, and vice-versa. Symptoms of insomnia also predicted symptoms of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) once SAD, but not vice-versa, in model 2. Symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and social phobia (SP) predicted symptoms of insomnia disorder in model 2, but not vice-versa. Insomnia symptoms were no longer related to symptoms of other anxiety disorders in model 2.
LIMITATIONS:
The use of self-report measures, and potential predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating or preventative factors were not assessed.
CONCLUSIONS:
Symptoms of insomnia disorder are bidirectionally related to depressive symptoms independent from baseline symptoms, and unidirectionally related to symptoms of OCD and SP where OCD and SP are independent risk-factors of the development of insomnia symptoms.

http://www.ibas.org.au/what-we-do/publications/3872889


< More publications



ARIELARIEL

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a chronic lung condition that causes stiff lungs and restricts sufferers from taking a deep breath. Exercise in a gym, such as walking or riding a bike, can help make...

SHiQ - COSAQSHIQ - COSAQ

Each year in Australia 260 people sustain a SCI, with over half losing full function in their arms and legs (quadriplegia). In addition to the primary disability, there is a very high rate of Obstructive...

Do you have Spinal cord injury? Tired?  Get treated!DO YOU HAVE SPINAL CORD INJURY? TIRED? GET TREATED!

Melbourne researchers have found that 80 percent of people with quadriplegic spinal injuries have sleep apnoea. It's having a big effect on their lives but they don't know they have it, and they don't know it can be treated.

World 1st heavy vehicle driver fatigue study releasedWORLD 1ST HEAVY VEHICLE DRIVER FATIGUE STUDY RELEASED

The National Transport Commission (NTC) and the Cooperative Research Centre for Alertness, Safety and Productivity (Alertness CRC) have released the results of what is hailed as a world-first study into heavy vehicle driver fatigue.

AAMRI Election Statement released on 25th March 2019AAMRI ELECTION STATEMENT RELEASED ON 25TH MARCH 2019

AAMRI released its election statement calling on politicians to commit to three main priorities: ensuring the MRFF reaches $20 billion by 2020-21, provide continued strong support for the NHMRC, and develop sustainable and rewarding career pathways.

Portrait unveiled at Canberra's Parliament HousePORTRAIT UNVEILED AT CANBERRA'S PARLIAMENT HOUSE

IBAS Director Anna Burke had barely got into the swing of her speech at the unveiling of her portrait at Canberra's Parliament House when the ringing of bells caused half her audience to hurry away.

Institute for Breathing and Sleep

Level 5, Harold Stokes Building, Austin Hospital
145 Studley Road
Heidelberg, Victoria, 3084

(03) 9496 5390

Email Us

Donate