|Type||Journal Article (Original Research)|
|Journal||Disability and Rehabilitation|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Download||15-09-2016_Frequency_.pdf (869.3 KB)|
|Abstract||PURPOSE: To determine which Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) goals are commonly achieved in patients with upper limb and/or lower limb spasticity following Botulinum Neurotoxin Type A (BoNT-A) injection. |
METHOD: Adults who attended a Spasticity Management Clinic for upper and/or lower limb BoNT-A injection were included in this prospective cohort study. Goals were set by participants and/or carers in conjunction with the therapist using the GAS, prior to injection and reviewed at one month following the injection. Three out of the five categories of goals were passive. Goals were categorised into: mobility/transfers, pain/comfort, upper limb use, hygiene, and cosmesis. The number of responders for the GAS total score, and in each of the GAS categories, was calculated.
RESULTS: Sixty-seven participants were recruited (mean age 51 +/- 16 years; range 18-85), 70% had a stroke. Responders for mobility and transfer goals were further post injury or disease onset than non-responders (median 5.9 vs. 1.2 years, p = 0.03). Clients with stroke were less likely than other participants to achieve mobility and transfer goals (p = 0.02). There was a trend for those who achieved mobility and transfer goals to be younger (mean 49 years vs. 55 years, p = 0.06). Although active goals are more commonly identified, passive goals were more likely to be achieved.
CONCLUSIONS: Although active goals are commonly identified by people with spasticity, passive goals were more likely to be achieved following BoNT-A injection. A long duration of spasticity does not preclude patients from achieving mobility and transfer goals. Non-stroke participants were more likely to achieve mobility and transfer goals. Implications for Rehabilitation Patients with chronic spasticity should be considered for BoNT-A as clinically meaningful outcomes can be achieved. When spasticity is present in multiple muscles, the GAS can be an assistive tool to guide clinicians in determining which muscles are a priority for injection, because the client will be more motivated to improve those specific goals. Although carers and patients are more willing to set active goals, these are more difficult to achieve possibly because follow up intervention or independent practise is required.
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a chronic lung condition that causes stiff lungs and restricts sufferers from taking a deep breath. Exercise in a gym, such as walking or riding a bike, can help make...
Each year in Australia 260 people sustain a SCI, with over half losing full function in their arms and legs (quadriplegia). In addition to the primary disability, there is a very high rate of Obstructive...
Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing is abnormal during sleep. There are two main forms of sleep apnea: obstructive and central. For obstructive sleep apnea, breathing is reduced because the airway...
Melbourne researchers have found that 80 percent of people with quadriplegic spinal injuries have sleep apnoea. It's having a big effect on their lives but they don't know they have it, and they don't know it can be treated.
The National Transport Commission (NTC) and the Cooperative Research Centre for Alertness, Safety and Productivity (Alertness CRC) have released the results of what is hailed as a world-first study into heavy vehicle driver fatigue.
AAMRI released its election statement calling on politicians to commit to three main priorities: ensuring the MRFF reaches $20 billion by 2020-21, provide continued strong support for the NHMRC, and develop sustainable and rewarding career pathways.
IBAS Director Anna Burke had barely got into the swing of her speech at the unveiling of her portrait at Canberra's Parliament House when the ringing of bells caused half her audience to hurry away.